The “circular economy” is a development paradigm that seeks to disrupt the mechanisms of the conventional, i.e. linear, economy and restore the balance between production systems and the environment. Under this mechanism, virgin raw materials are to be brought back into the biosphere cycle. Meanwhile, man-made materials are designed to maximise their useful lives and, once obsolete, become the basic components of a new product, minimising waste and the generation of garbage.
The definition of the circular economy is based on the implementation of production and consumption strategies that encompass the entire lifecycle of products and seek to create virtuous cycles centred around ideas such as “zero waste”, “value regeneration” and “closed loop”. The concept of the circular economy lies therefore at the centre of topics associated with sustainable development.